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18 biosphere reserves, 16 states, 60,000 sq km: Why India is an ecologist’s paradise

18 biosphere reserves, 16 states, 60,000 sq km: Why India is an ecologist’s paradise

Reported By:| Edited By: Orin Basu |Source: DNA Web Desk |Updated: Nov 03, 2022, 10:02 PM IST

From infrastructure projects in India’s Nicobar Islands to mining actions in Ecuador’s Choco Andino, developmental works in and spherical biosphere reserves respect at all times irked native weather activists. Biosphere reserves are ecosystems established by countries and recognised by UNESCO to promote sustainable pattern essentially essentially based on native neighborhood efforts to preserve crops and animals of queer scientific and pure passion. 

November 3 this year marks the major ‘World Day for Biosphere Reserves’. And in an rising economy similar to India, declaring a steadiness between industrialization, ecology, and accommodating a bludgeoning population is dotted with sensitivities.

India for the time being has 18 notified biosphere reserves spanning 60,000 sq km, essentially essentially based on the Natural world Institute of India, an self adequate physique below the Ministry of Ambiance, Wooded arena and Native weather Trade. The wonderful biosphere reserve is the Gulf of Kachchh in Gujarat (12,454 sq km) and the smallest is Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam (765 sq km). 

Other bigger biosphere reserves are the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu (10,500 sq km), Sunderbans in West Bengal (9,630 sq km), and Frigid Desolate tract in Himachal Pradesh (7,770 sq km). Sunderbans, spanning across functions of India and Bangladesh, is the wonderful mangrove wooded arena within the arena, while Frigid Desolate tract covers Pin Valley National Park, Chandratal, Sarchu, and Kibber Natural world Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh. 

Internationally, there are 738 biosphere reserves in 134 countries, at the side of 22 transboundary net sites, essentially essentially based on UNESCO. Scream-shining, the wonderful decision of reserves are in Europe and North The United States (308), adopted by Asia and the Pacific (172), Latin The United States and the Caribbean (132), Africa (90), and Arab states (36). Nation-shining, the wonderful decision of such net sites are in Spain (fifty three), Russia (forty eight), and Mexico (42). 

The world’s first five-country biosphere reserve stretches across Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, and Serbia, and covers 700 km of the Mura, Drava, and Danube rivers. With a entire situation of practically 1 million hectares in what’s popularly identified as the ‘Amazon of Europe’, it’s miles the wonderful riverine-safe situation on the continent.

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