As protests in opposition to inflexible covid retain watch over measures in China engulfed social media within the previous week, one Twitter story has emerged because the central source of data: @李老师不是你老师 (“Teacher Li Is Not Your Teacher”). Folk a ways and extensive in China beget sent remark pictures and right-time updates to the story via non-public messages, and it has posted them on their behalf—taking care to abet the sources anonymous in some unspecified time in the future of a length of frequent trouble and uncertainty.
There’s factual one man within the help of the story: Li, a Chinese language painter basically based exclusively exclusively in Italy, who requested to be acknowledged greatest by his last identify in gentle of the safety dangers. He has never bought coaching in journalism, but that hasn’t stopped him from working what’s in actuality change into a one-person newsroom.
On the head of process over the weekend, Li used to be receiving dozens of submissions every second, and he did his greatest to clear out unreliable files in a subject of moments. It used to be a truly new expertise—even when he’d spent the previous year posting anonymous submissions from his followers. Whereas he has prolonged talked about Chinese language social points online, sometime in 2021 he started receiving non-public messages on Weibo, the Chinese language a lot like Twitter (which is banned in China), from of us asking him to put up on their behalf. They feared exposing their very grasp identities.
His posts would catch eliminated by Chinese language censors, and by February, his story used to be banned. Over the next two months, one more 49 of his accounts were suspended. But his followers generously allowed him to borrow their cell phone numbers to abet registering for additional. In April 2022, after he would possibly perhaps possibly well well no longer catch admission to new Weibo accounts, he indirectly moved to Twitter. There, he hastily grew a huge following of world accounts and Chinese language of us accessing the blocked social media platform via VPN.
Then, last week, workers in a Foxconn manufacturing unit in Zhengzhou started a violent confrontation with management, and Li started monitoring the trouble via Chinese language social media and follower submissions. He slept greatest three hours that evening.
More protests then broke out over the weekend in foremost Chinese language cities, and Li over over again posted right-time remark pictures—aiming to attend of us inner China catch files so they would possibly perhaps get rid of within the event that they wished to be half of in, and furthermore to expose of us start air China about what used to be truly occurring. “Even within the event that they’re now not in China appropriate this second, things are occurring, and they’re looking out at,” Li told me.
His Twitter story is now the hub for files on the protests, having received over 600,000 followers within the previous tumultuous week alone.
The annoying work, though, has taken a toll. Interior China, mentions of his story identify were censored on social media platforms, alongside with Weibo and WeChat. He’s getting loss of life threats and insults in DMs. And police beget visited his family help in China.
However the dismay has been combined with a feeling of liberation as he feels he’s indirectly ready to insist the identify of Xi Jinping on social media with out trouble. Li joked that his Twitter avatar, which is a doodle of a cat, has change into the most eminent and most threatening cat of his time.
Over a prolonged dialog early this week, Li told me about what it’s adore to be below such sizable stress and the device in which now not easy it would possibly perhaps possibly well well even be to live fair. Though this work has occupied nearly every waking minute, he told me, he indirectly compelled himself to open up taking breaks on Monday—which led to a surprise come upon that warmed his heart.
Here’s Li’s fable, told in his grasp words. The following transcript has been translated, evenly edited, and rearranged for clarity. —Zeyi Yang
On lending his articulate to of us that are frightened
This story is, in essence, the identical as many replacement recurring Twitter customers’. I talk about my existence, some issues linked to my career, and, for sure, social points.
But this story furthermore carries one more reason. I don’t know when it started, but gradually I started receiving submissions. Folk would contact me via non-public messages, ship me what’s occurring, or their very grasp tales, and hope I would possibly perhaps possibly well well put up that for them.
I obtain it is miles a phenomenon that emerged from the an increasing selection of true files superhighway and speech controls on Chinese language digital platforms since Xi Jinping came to energy. Folk are frightened to insist things straight away on the secure, even when their accounts are anonymous. But they easy beget the need for expression, so they wish one more person to insist it for them.
It used to be the identical on Weibo. Final year, at a time when I greatest had much less than 10,000 followers, of us slowly realized that this person would possibly perhaps possibly well well command [for them], so they came to me. Then, when files broke [in February] about the mummy who gave start to eight kids [[Editor’s show mask: She used to be a trafficking victim who used to be found chained in a shed], I helped someone post a submission about how he wished to search out his sister. That used to be reposted over 30,000 times on Weibo, after which my story used to be banned.
In the months after my story used to be long gone, I kept registering new accounts, and they kept getting banned. In about two months, I had 50 accounts suspended. The quickest file used to be when it took 10 minutes for an story to proceed [after registration]. As soon as [censors] blew up my story, I would straight away open up a new one.
My followers—I don’t know why—were ready to straight away gain me, so I would impact thousands of followers in an instantaneous. It ended when [the regulators] perceived to search out the web sites the assign I sold these Weibo accounts and suspended that web sites, after which I couldn’t catch admission to from now on accounts.
I used to be truly moved in some unspecified time in the future of that length. Weibo verifies your identity via your cell phone number. But heaps of online friends factual lent me their cell phone numbers and acknowledged: “It’s k, Teacher Li, you would possibly perhaps possibly well well utilize my number for verification. That’s ideal-looking out.” That in point of truth touched me. But later I couldn’t catch a new story, so I needed to transfer to Twitter.
My [Twitter] story used to be registered in 2020, but I truly started the utilization of it in April . From the very beginning, I truly beget incessantly been sent the most modern files. I don’t know why, but there’s incessantly someone on the ground who can ship something to me straight away, alongside with about the incident in Shanghai the assign of us held up a white banner [in October]. Slowly, the replacement of followers grew.
Earlier than I reported on the Foxconn incident, I had about 140,000 followers, after which it obtained to 190,000 when I done reporting on Foxconn. I lost count of how many followers I truly beget now.[[Editor’s show mask: By the time of our interview, Li had over 670,000 followers on Twitter; by the point of publishing, the number had increased to over 784,000.]
On turning into a one-man newsroom (on greatest a pair of hours of sleep)
In these days and age I sleep for about 5 hours, and I’m specializing in [Twitter] for the remaining of the day. There’s no one else. Even my girlfriend is now not alive to—factual me.
In truth, the day I used to be online for the longest time used to be now not within the previous few days; it used to be in some unspecified time in the future of the Foxconn [protest]. On story of the trouble used to be creating so hastily, within the event that they didn’t discontinuance, I couldn’t discontinuance. It didn’t unpleasant my mind that since this had nothing to construct with me, I would possibly perhaps possibly well well stride to sleep. I never had that notion.
The fireplace in Urumqi [which sparked the broader wave of protests] has truly precipitated heaps of empathy from the final public. The risk of a fireplace is de facto a self-discipline for all americans, due to all of them beget at one point been locked in their dwelling and now not allowed to transfer out.
In every identical files tournament within the previous, irrespective of whether or now not the authorities used to be responsible, it would possibly perhaps possibly well well incessantly censor the data. After having their mouths sealed repeatedly, of us turned wrathful. There would possibly perhaps be continuously going to be a last straw, or now not it is now not relevant what it finally ends up being. If it didn’t happen on the present time, it would possibly perhaps possibly well well happen the next day, or the day after the next day.
I believed [the protest in] Xinjiang on the evening of the Twenty sixth used to be a moment to be remembered in history, but it turned out that used to be factual the beginning of the fable.
In particular when protesters chanted the slogans that originated from the Sitong Bridge remark, I used to be adore, “Oh no, it’s going to be a extraordinarily, very serious thing if of us are shouting these slogans within the heart of Shanghai.” I needed to file it in a impartial and fair manner, due to if now not, it would possibly perhaps possibly well well soon be forgotten, even on Twitter. I believed, “I wish to consume up the baton straight away,” after which I started doing it with out pondering too mighty.
It’s arduous to picture the feeling that came after. It’s adore every person appears to be coming to you and all styles of data from a ways and extensive the enviornment is converging toward you and [people are] telling you: Howdy, what’s occurring right here; hiya, what’s occurring there; construct you admire, right here’s what’s occurring in Guangzhou; I’m in Wuhan, Wuhan is doing this; I’m in Beijing, and I’m following the mountainous community and strolling collectively. your whole right-time files is being submitted to me, and I don’t know straightforward recommendations to picture that feeling. But there used to be furthermore no time to acquire about it.
My heart used to be beating very rapid, and my palms and my brain were incessantly switching between a whole lot of map programs—due to you admire, you would possibly perhaps possibly well well’t keep a video with Twitter’s web model. So I used to be incessantly switching map, editing the video, exporting it, after which posting it on Twitter.[[Editor’s show mask: Li provides subtitles, blocks out story files, and compiles shorter movies into one.]By the cease, there used to be no time to edit the films anymore. If someone shot and sent over a 12-second WeChat video, I would factual put it to use as is. That’s it.
I obtained the largest amount of [private messages] around 6:00 p.m. on Sunday evening. In the intervening time, there were many of us on the boulevard in 5 foremost cities in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Wuhan, and Guangzhou. So I basically used to be receiving a dozen non-public messages every second. In the cease, I couldn’t even mask the data anymore. I saw it, I clicked on it, and if it used to be value posting, I posted it.
Folk a ways and extensive the country are telling me about their right-time eventualities. In expose for additional of us now not to be at effort, they went to the [protest] net sites themselves and sent me what used to be occurring there. Delight in, some followers were riding bikes terminate to the presidential palace in Nanjing, taking images, and telling me about the trouble within the city. After which they requested me to expose every person to be cautious. I obtain that’s a extraordinarily inviting thing.
It’s adore I truly beget gradually change into an anchor sitting in a TV studio, getting unending files from journalists on the scene a ways and extensive the country. To illustrate, on Monday in Hangzhou, there were 5 or six of us updating me on the most modern files simultaneously. But there used to be a shatter due to all of them were fleeing when the police cleared the venue.
On the importance of staying fair
There are heaps of tweets that decorate the truth. From their point of undercover agent, they obtain it’s the appropriate thing to construct. They obtain you’ve to maximise the outrage so that there will be a riot. But for me, I obtain we need first fee files. We want to clutch what’s truly occurring, and that’s the largest thing. If we were doing it for the emotion, then within the cease I truly would were share of the “international impact,” appropriate?
But when there is a files story start air China that would possibly perhaps possibly well file what’s occurring objectively, in right time, and precisely, then of us inner the Sizable Firewall won’t beget doubts anymore. At this moment, on this rather incorrect bother of a true files blackout, so that you can beget an story that would possibly perhaps possibly well retain posting files from a ways and extensive the country at a speed of nearly one tweet every few seconds is basically a morale enhance for all americans.
Chinese language of us grow up with patriotism, so they change into alarmed or don’t dare to insist something straight away or oppose something straight away. That’s why the crowd used to be singing the nationwide anthem and waving the crimson flag, the nationwide flag [during protests]. You wish to value that the Chinese language of us are patriotic. Even after they’re annoying things [from the government], they construct it with that sentiment.
So one motive they’re though-provoking to dash on files to me is that they know that I am reporting it in a impartial, fair, and truthful methodology. But for loads of accounts, they’re scared of messaging them due to what if it’s appropriate—as they’re told in China—that they’re being taken ideal thing about by international forces?
That you just would be capable to fee it adore this: they wish to articulate their opposition, but they furthermore don’t want it to be too radical. They wish to cease within the heart. So I’m truly that heart point. I will file on what happens, but I will greatest file on what happens and now not insist a be conscious extra. That’s presumably why I’ve change into the central hub. Clearly, I’ve change into the central hub furthermore due to I’ve kept posting and posting.
So I strive to greatest file on whatever files I receive, but it’s arduous to construct that now, due to there are such heaps of submissions. And to truth-verify one thing, I would possibly perhaps possibly also merely need movies from a whole lot of varied angles.
To illustrate, last evening there were rumors of a taking pictures in Wuhan, a taking pictures in Chengdu, and a taking pictures in Xi’an, but I didn’t gain any movies that I would possibly perhaps possibly well well utilize to confirm them, so I didn’t cease up posting anything. Effectively, that resulted in some Twitter customers pondering I would be intentionally covering up some faults by the police.
And now there is a considerably awkward bother the assign some of us in China obtain I’m inciting these items and a few of us in a single more country obtain I’m a mountainous China propagandist. That’s a extraordinarily noteworthy space to be in. When you get rid of to face within the heart, you are indubitably below stress from both facet, but that’s k.
On dealing with digital chaos and deception
Since I basically had no time to acquire and used to be factual posting every few seconds, the feed turned very dense and very chaotic. Some of us sent me the identical movies repetitively. There were furthermore many movies that originated from me, after which unfold to varied platforms adore WeChat Moments, and were later sent help to me. Possibly this put up used to be about Beijing, the next used to be Guangzhou, and the next one used to be Shanghai. There used to be no methodology for folk to clutch immediately whether or now not the video in their palms had been sent or now not, so they’d to resend it to me. Possibly the video used to be taken at 9:00, but they sent it to me at nearly 12:00 and notion it used to be in right time.
The fraudulent video I obtained the most Sunday evening used to be presumably one the assign a police car used to be riding below an overpass and running over of us. I will should always beget watched it 60 or 70 times. Whenever, it says that it used to be the Sitong Bridge or something. But that pictures used to be truly now not taken in China. Many of us are though-provoking to imagine these movies, or they factual wish to imagine that something mountainous has took place.
One mountainous disaster I skilled Monday morning used to be that—I don’t know who it used to be and whether or now not it used to be someone [on the Chinese government’s side], but they kept sending me unsuitable files. There were some messages about things that took place, but now not on the areas they claimed. Then there were some messages that you would possibly perhaps possibly well well presumably repeat were fraudulent straight away. Possibly they were hoping to consume me down on this methodology.
There are incessantly of us in my non-public messages who want me to put up a name to motion, or of us that want me to summarize the slogans and put up them, or expose what of us should always easy construct, but I truly beget now not crossed that line. I imagine every person has a mission for themselves, and my mission is to file on what took place. If I suddenly joined these [activists], I would beget truly change into—particularly since I wasn’t there on the ground—the one giving instructions. If of us died within the cease, then the blood would be on me, due to I directed them to behave. So I don’t obtain that ought to be the case. I will greatest construct the reporting.
But I obtain within the cease, I will inevitably be the one in fee. Even though I don’t construct it, of us will retract I’m guilty.
If I will retain my independence till the cease, then I would be a candle, a torch, factual standing there on my grasp.
On the mental toll the work is taking
I factual done graduate college, so technically I’m a fresh graduate, and I used to be factual dragged into this thing out of nowhere and suddenly found myself with a job in it. I don’t know straightforward recommendations to in point of fact feel. I’m factual anxious. I don’t know what’s going to happen to me. Clearly, I’m frightened that in some unspecified time in the future a car goes to spin toward me when I’m crossing the avenue and fraudulent a visitors accident or something. But I greatest trouble about it when I flip off the computer. After I’m sitting in front of it, I don’t beget time to acquire about myself.
It’s largely factual laborious. I compelled myself to consume a shatter on the present time. On the general, I factual sit there, open up, and retain going till the cease, and I on occasion ever arise.
But on the present time I started to catch some threats, and I turned extra pressured. You must easy be frightened due to you’ve viewed so mighty and know so mighty. So on the present time, I’m forcing myself to consume a vacation. It’s now not mighty of a vacation, I yell, but I spent a truly prolonged time factual strolling.
This day has furthermore been rather unbelievable.
I obtained this loss of life threat last evening, but I don’t know the assign it’s from. It factual acknowledged, “We already know the assign you are living. You factual wait.” I didn’t beget time to consume a screenshot then, due to that message used to be hastily pushed down by varied messages. I took one look and it used to be long gone, straight away. But since then, it has been heavy on my mind.
Then this morning when I went out to take grasp of cat food, I stood in front of the peephole and checked repeatedly whether or now not someone used to be standing start air. On the methodology, I kept checking if someone used to be tailing me. And after I returned dwelling, there used to be some fresh motion within the stairs, so I put down all the pieces by the door and stood in front of the peephole for 10 minutes, but never saw anyone.
Then I believed to myself, I will’t construct this frequently—I truly wish to catch the person proceed. I used to be pondering I would open up livestreaming, gain them, after which seek files from them to proceed. Alternatively it turned out that there used to be no one. It used to be a tiny, tiny, tiny kitten. I don’t know why it used to be hiding there, but I took it dwelling. And now my girlfriend is feeding it. This is the unbelievable thing that took place on the present time. I’m brooding about naming it Urumqi.
I forgot whether or now not it started when Xi Jinping came to energy [in 2013], but I’ve been feeling rather aggrieved. All these years, I’ve been incessantly, repeatedly censoring myself and staying cautious factual so I will retain talking.
But factual the day outdated to this, suddenly, I’m now not frightened anymore. I had no time to acquire about it, and I factual kept posting. The straightforward model of what took place is: After they shouted out “Xi Jinping, step down,” I suddenly felt it didn’t topic anymore. I will file this thing. I will form these words. In the event that they aren’t frightened to insist it, then I’m furthermore now not frightened to form it. That’s it.
You know what these three characters mean after they’re typed out. It’s exclusively varied [from other words]. At that moment, I suddenly felt adore I’m tiresome, I’m alive, I’m liberated, and I’m aggrieved, all on the identical time. It used to be a extraordinarily, very complex feeling.